My wife owns a bakery and, as you know, flies and restaurants do not mix. Hence, the title of this month’s musing on all things natural and sustainable, “I LIKE Killing Flies”.
Did you know that all insects “breathe” through their bellies? Their abdomens are coated with an oily substance that helps their spiracles or air holes to pull oxygen out of the air and expel carbon dioxide. Air travels throughout the insect’s body through a tube-like ventilation system to get to the cells.
And therein lies their fatal kryptonite weakness. Soap washes away oil, and, thus, it attacks and kills insects four ways.
First, it dissolves and washes away the oils that protect the insect’s spiracles, immediately disrupting their respiration. Many high metabolism flying insects, like wasps, drop immediately upon contact with soapy water at the appropriate dilution.
Second, liquid soap gets sucked up into the insect’s trachea where it then comes into direct contact with various cells and structures. Once inside the body of the insect, soap acts on the fatty layers of these cell membranes, dissolving them and causing the cells to spill their contents and die. This is similar to what happens when you wash your hands.
Third, soap dissolves the exoskeletons of many insects.
And fourth, as the soap dries, it coats and clogs up the spiracle holes disrupting respiration.
In many ways soap is the ideal insecticide. It is completely safe and nontoxic to mammals, and most plants are unaffected by it at standard concentrations. While soap usually kills adult insects very quickly, it does not always destroy the eggs. And so, it is very common to use two or three spray-soap-spray treatments over a week to turn the tide on a garden insect infestation.
Start with the best 16-ounce spray bottle you can find. You want a trigger type sprayer for outside and plate glass use. You can transfer some into a four-ounce bottle with a button sprayer (not a trigger spray) for occasional inside use.
Fill your 16-ounce bottle ¾ full with warm water and add castile (preferably locally made) liquid soap.
Screw the sprayer on tightly. Turn upside down and right-side up several times to mix. Then wash off the outside with soapy water on the bottle for a better grip.
For Mediteranean fruit fly flies, gnats, no-see-ums and other soft bodies little insects add one ounce of castile liquid soap. A shot glass works great for measuring. These insects can be taken down while circling with a fine mist sprayed above them that filters down onto their bodies.
For cabbage worms and general garden use, start with two ounces of soap per 16-ounce bottle. These will need a direct hit to take them out. Adjust the sprayer so that it is neither a wide mist nor a single line of fluid. You want to give yourself a roughly three-inch splat area for coverage. The insect must be completely covered in soap water to be effective.
For house flies, cluster flies, “Japanese” beetles and larger insects use three ounces of soap per 16-ounce bottle. Add another shot if they seem resistant to the spray.
A few plants such as tomatoes becomes more sensitive to light damage after being sprayed with soap solution. It is a good idea to do a whole tomato plant spray treatment, and then rinse the leaves off a half hour later just to be extra safe. Castile soap will not harm your garden and improves soil permeability to water in dry conditions. It is potassium based, which is a necessary plant nutrient.
The beauty of this system is that if you notice your solution is not strong enough for a certain critter, just add more soap. There is a limit point at which your sprayer will not work properly. If that happens slowly, add more water to the bottle and squeeze out some of the foam on top.
Clean up by carrying a cloth or paper towel with you to wipe off excess spray soap. You are literally cleaning surfaces as you purge your space of the demon invaders. Clean large plate glass windows with 1/2 shot soap spray and a squeegee or paper towels.
Now you can say goodbye to toxic organophosphate insect sprays and use organic soap instead!
Now that’s a foaming success story!
Larry Plesent is a writer and natural products formulator living and working in the Green Mountains of central Vermont. Read more at www.vermontsoap.com/category/blog/.