Current CO2

Atmospheric CO2 data

350 parts per million CO2 is the safe limit for humanity.

Learn more about 350 – what it means, where it came from, and how to get back there.

Get Email Updates!

Take the Pledge!

This Saturday, the World Cup Comes to Vermont

Migrant Justice and Vermont Workers’ Center Members to Participate in the 1st Annual Vermont Human Rights World Cup/Copa Mundial

What: Vermont Human Rights World Cup (Copa Mundial), a competitive soccer tournament between members of Migrant Justice, the Vermont Workers’ Center, and other community members

When: Saturday, July 26. World Cup Final Match at 5 pm. Games from 2:30-6.

Where:  Soccer fields, Leddy Park, Burlington 05408

(BURLINGTON, Vermont) – It’s like the FIFA World Cup –– only with a respect for human rights and a Vermont location.

Two weeks after the World Cup drew to a close in Brazil, members of Migrant Justice and the Vermont Workers’ Center are hosting a competitive soccer tournament with teams representing multiple countries. While the FIFA World Cup engenders displacement and social strife in every country that hosts it –– Saturday’s World Cup benefits Vermont communities directly, with all proceeds going to Migrant Justice and the Vermont Workers’ Center.

Press are invited to attend this unique event bringing together diverse communities in a fun and spirited celebration of human rights.

The tournament, which goes from 2:30 to 6, will culminate in a World Cup Final Match at 5 pm.

The Human Rights World Cup is graciously sponsored by Montpelier’s Three Penny Taproom. Winooski’s Mule Bar has also generously sponsored one of the teams competing for glory in the World Cup.

Event website:
Facebook event:

July 23 Green Energy News


  • “Will the micro-grid put major power companies out of business?” There is now a range of units such as cogeneration plants, which deliver heat and electricity, wind turbines and solar PVs, owned by a whole raft of municipalities, households and businesses. [The Guardian]

Science and Technology:

  • A new material developed at MIT is able to convert 85% of incoming solar energy into steam — a significant improvement over recent approaches to solar-powered steam generation. Very little heat is lost in the process, and it can produce steam at relatively low solar intensity. [Energy Collective]


  • Germany and the United Kingdom have 18 of the 30 most polluting energy plants in the European Union, according to a study funded by the European Union. All of the EU’s most polluting plants are coal-fired. [EurActiv]
  • Toyota will have at least three production fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle models on sale within ten years. That’s the official word from the company’s US National Manager Advanced Technology Vehicles, Craig Scott. [Motoring]
  • Australia’s household solar revolution has caught the government-owned electricity sector by surprise. More than one million Australians have already installed solar panels on their rooftops, which has caused demand for electricity from the grid to plummet. [Huffington Post]
  • Clean energy investment continued to grow in the second quarter. Investment was up 9% at $63.6 billion during the April-June period, with China the largest investor followed by the US, according to the latest quarterly update from Bloomberg New Energy Finance. [Business Spectator]
  • Indian Railways is all set to give a push to its plans to generate renewable energy. The national transporter is planning to generate 20% of its total energy requirement from solar and wind energy over the next couple of years. [Financial Express]
  • The UK government will retain its 2023-27 target for cutting greenhouse gas emissions, resisting reported pressure to water it down. Current estimates are that UK and EU levels of ambition on carbon-cutting “are likely to be extremely close”. [Recharge]
  • Located in the Engadine Valley in Switzerland, Zernez has set the goal of using only renewable sources to meet its energy requirements for buildings in the municipality, thus reducing CO2 emissions to zero. [Nanowerk]


  • California officials have ordered an emergency shut-down of 11 oil and gas waste injection sites and a review more than 100 others in the state’s drought-wracked Central Valley out of fear that companies may have been pumping toxic waste into drinking water aquifers there. [Resilience]
  • Consumers Energy is choosing four Michigan farms to produce renewable energy with anaerobic digesters. The farms could generate electricity under long-term contracts that total 2.6 MW, enough to power about 2,800 homes. [Your Renewable News]
  • The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power will hold a groundbreaking ceremony to mark the start of construction for the 250-MW Beacon Solar Power Project. This new solar array is an important component of LADWP’s complete power supply transformation. [Sierra Wave]

July 22 Green Energy News

Science and Technology:

  • Just how fast the California’s climate is changing became apparent Monday when the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released figures showing the first six months of this year were the hottest the state has ever recorded. [Willits News]
  • The globe is on a hot streak, setting a heat record in June. That’s after the world broke a record in May. NOAA’s climate monitoring chief said both the June and May records were driven by unusually hot oceans, especially the Pacific and Indian oceans. [Lexington Herald Leader]


  • Research from the Energy Economics and Management Group in the School of Economics shows that wind energy – particularly in South Australia and Victoria – has a big impact on wholesale prices, even at peak demand time when the wind is least powerful. [CleanTechnica]
  • New South Wales aims to be “Australia’s answer to California”, accelerating the use of renewable energy and finding new ways to curb waste, in a push that puts it at odds with Coalition counterparts in other states and at the federal level. [Sydney Morning Herald]
  • For the first six months of 2014, China’s power consumption has recorded an increase of 5.3%. For the same period, coal used in generation declined year-over-year by three grams per kWh to an average of 317 grams per kWh of electricity produced. [Market Realist]
  • EDF en Canada has reached agreement with three aboriginal groups on the 350 MW Rivière-du-Moulin wind project in the Laurentides Wildlife Reserve in Quebec. The project is in a territory of interest for the Innu First Nations. [reNews]
  • Iberdrola Ingeniería and Gamesa have entered into an agreement with Honduras-based Grupo Terra to build a turnkey project to cost $83.8 million. The new 50 MW wind farm will supply the electricity needs of 100,000 homes. [Renewable Energy Magazine]
  • The Australian Federal Parliament voted to scrap the country’s carbon price last week, causing concerns as to the future of PV in the country. However, the Australian Solar Council says that the move won’t halt the growth of solar. [pv magazine]


  • US agriculture could provide up to 155 million tonnes of crop residues and 60 million tonnes of manure for the generation of clean fuels and electricity in 2030, according to new analysis by the Union of Concerned Scientists. [BioEnergy News]
  • According to the latest  Energy Infrastructure Update from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, solar and wind energy constituted more than half of the new generating capacity in the country for the first half of 2014. [AlterNet]
  • While the politics of fracking has taken hold of election-year energy discussions in Colorado, the wind power industry is quietly surging. On Friday Vesta Wind Systems announced it was hiring 800 new workers, after receiving orders for 370 turbines over the last few weeks. [ThinkProgress]
  • Schneider Electric has partnered with Green Energy Corp to provide standardized microgrid solutions for energy clients. The partnership combines Schneider Electric’s experience in distributed energy resources with Green Energy Corp’s open source Linux tools. [SmartMeters]

Call to Ban Hazardous Rail Shipments of Shale Oil

Community leaders and advocates call on the Secretary of Transportation to ban use of hazardous rail cars to ship explosive crude oil

The fireball that followed the derailment and explosion of two trains, one carrying Bakken crude oil, on December 30, 2013, outside Casselton, ND. - U.S. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

The fireball that followed the derailment and explosion of two trains, one carrying Bakken crude oil, on December 30, 2013, outside Casselton, ND. – U.S. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

July 15, 2014

Washington, D.C. — 

Today, two national environmental organizations filed a formal legal petition to compel the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation to issue an emergency order prohibiting the use of hazardous rail cars—known as DOT-111s—for shipping flammable Bakken crude oil. (See FAQ sheet for more info on petition.) The National Transportation Safety Board has repeatedly found that the DOT-111 tank cars are prone to puncture on impact, spilling oil and often triggering destructive fires and explosions. The Safety Board has made official recommendations to stop shipping crude oil in these hazardous tank cars, but the federal regulators have not heeded these pleas. (See quote sheet of on-record statements by public officials for more information.)

“These oil tankers have been called the Ford Pinto of the rails,” said Ben Stuckart, City Council president in Spokane, Washington.“National Transportation Board members, U.S. Senators, and local officials are all on record on the danger of these antiquated, unsafe rail cars. It’s long past time for the government to take action to protect communities like mine.” Officials estimate between 13 and 16 oil trains a week come through Spokane, a major hub for rail traffic, although those numbers would skyrocket if planned oil terminals on the West Coast are built. Spokane is one of many towns across the country that has seen an organized and strong community opposition to these trains.


July 21 Green Energy News


  • “Carbon price gone: Next target is wind and solar” The move by Australia to become the first country to repeal a carbon price is expected to accelerate a switch back to coal-fired generation from gas – already triggered by the soaring gas price. [RenewEconomy]


  • Siemens has installed the third and fourth of five offshore transmission platforms scheduled for the North Sea. The four grid connections will have a total transmission capacity of more than 2.9 GW, with enough wind power to supply around three million households. [Your Renewable News]
  • Sainsbury’s has become the first ever retailer to power one of its own stores by its food waste. A store in Staffordshire sends all of its food waste to an anaerobic digestion plant to generate electricity. It’s the first time a UK retailer has come off the National Grid. [Fresh Business Thinking]
  • Global investment bank HSBC says the repeal of the carbon price last week leaves Australia’s resource-intensive economy “even more vulnerable” as the world moves in opposite direction. The impact extends to commodities beyond those that are energy-based. [RenewEconomy]
  • Suntech Power became a world power in solar energy only to default on $541 million in debt in February 2013. Commercially, the firm – now rebadged as Wuxi Suntech Power – is now rising from the ashes. [Sydney Morning Herald]
  • Eastern Petroleum Corp. has secured a permit from the Philippine DOE for its initial phase of its biomass power project, its top official said last week. The first phase consists of a 23.5-MW power unit worth close to $100 million. The second phase is similarly sized. [Business Mirror]
  • Yingli Solar has announced it will supply approximately 12,000 of its PV modules for use in a  rooftop mounted distributed generation project in eastern China. The panels, with a capacity of over 3 MW, will be installed on rooftops of four warehouses. [Energy Matters]
  • Jean-Claude Juncker, who is to assume the presidency of the European Commission in November, has called for an ambitious target to improve energy savings, calling for cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030. [Wall Street Journal]
  • India’s finance minister has decided to double the tax on every metric ton of coal mined or imported in the country. The revenues from the tax will be dedicated to increasing renewable energy capacity in the country. [CleanTechnica]


  • Residents of New Castle, Colorado may be able to zap some money off their electric bills if they approve a proposed new community solar park on a town-owned, five-acre parcel of property, according to town officials. [Glenwood Springs Post Independent]
  • Thanks to Rocky Mountain Power’s Blue Sky renewable energy program, the Jewish Community Center in Salt Lake City was able to install two solar arrays totaling over 22 kW. The project is part of a commitment to “repairing the world.” [Salt Lake Tribune]
  • Innovative Solar Systems, LLC is seeing a trend in the United States where large utility scale solar farms are adding jobs, adding tax base to states and helping the U.S. economy. The company has started working only on solar farms with capacities in excess of 20 MW. [PR Web]

July 20 Green Energy News


  • “The Politics of Renewable Energy” In 2011, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, comprised of leading scientists selected by the United Nations, found that there are few, if any, technological restrictions to powering the world through the use of clean energy. [Hydrogen Fuel News]


  • UK manufacturers are ­increasingly looking to generate their own power to sidestep fears of rising energy prices and threats to supply security, according to the Confederation of British Industry. New power options include wind, solar, and anaerobic digestors. []
  • The UK government is expected to announce a cut in subsidies for small-scale hydro power schemes this week in a move that industry leaders said could kill off further investment in the sector and put Scottish jobs at risk. [Scotsman]
  • In India, power demand is on an upswing due to lengthening summers, but declining monsoon rainfall has caused apprehension about hydropower output. With coal production dwindling, Coal India Limited has been asked to increase output. [SteelGuru]


  • Over the next 20 years the role that coal plays in providing power to Texas will continue to diminish, perhaps just not as fast as experts had hoped.  Rising prices of natural gas have slowed coal’s reduction putting its numbers at about 23% of the Texas generating capacity. [Energy Collective]
  • California has announced $26.5 million in grants for microgrid projects that put renewable integration front and center. Applicants should be able to incorporate low-carbon energy resources with energy storage and on-site energy management. [Energy Collective]
  • No state has done more than California to fight global warming. But a deepening drought could make that battle more difficult and more expensive. The state’s hydroelectric dams are running low after three parched winters. [SFGate]
  • At least five major transmission projects — some estimated to cost more than $1 billion to build — have been proposed to connect New England to plentiful hydropower sources to the north. The projects, however, are spurring opposition and debate. [Boston Globe]
  • The Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority has filed a petition for a feed-in tariff rate to comply with the Feed-in Tariff Act the VI Senate passed in May. It is just one of the steps that the territory is making to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and diversify energy production. [Virgin Islands Daily News]

July 19 Green Energy News


  • “24% Renewable Energy Over 27 Years — Is That All?!?” EIA is the experts, but we wonder if they left a couple of things out of the equation when it comes to the competition between natural gas and renewables for a share of the new capacity market from 2015 on out. [CleanTechnica]

Science and Technology:

  • There’s a class of fuels that don’t use an intervening biomass to make a fuel. For that reason, they are not really properly called biofuels. Those working with them prefer “solar fuels,” because they use sunlight to capture carbon dioxide and make it into a fuel. [Biobased Digest]


  • Green bonds have been experiencing quite a boom lately — having seen a huge surge in 2013, they are up to almost $14 billion. Now green bonds look to set to climb to perhaps as high as $40 billion this year, up from under $14 billion in 2013. [CleanTechnica]
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government will spend 15 billion rupees (US$ 250 million) to increase solar power across the country and also to improve power delivery. Nearly 40% of India’s 1.2 billion people have no access to reliable electricity. [IEEE Spectrum]
  • WindStream Technologies has installed what it says is the world’s largest wind-solar hybrid array on an office roof in Kingston, Jamaica. The array is expected to generate over 106,000 kWh annually. [Gizmag]
  • Wind farms in the Australian state of Victoria may face termination due to the highly inflexible and restrictive nature of new anti-wind laws and permit rules. Companies granted permits before the new laws were passed cannot make simple upgrades to their turbines. [Green Left Weekly]


  • President Obama announced a series of climate change initiatives on Wednesday at the White House aimed at helping cities and towns affected by storm surges, flooding, drought and erosion. [Latin Post]
  • Waste Management is doubling capacity at its landfill gas power plant south of Arlington, Oregon, generating more energy for homes and businesses 260 miles away in Seattle. With the expansion, capacity will increase from 6.4 MW to 12.8 MW, or enough for 12,500 homes. [The Tribune]
  • The Boothbay, Maine Planning Board gave a New York City firm conditional approval to build an energy storage facility. The board voted 5-0 approving Convergent Energy + Power’s application  to construct a valve-regulated lead acid battery storage facility. [Boothbay Register]
  • The City of Rifle, Colorado produced enough power through its seven solar arrays to reach a net zero status for its electricity needs, including the City Hall, the police station, parks maintenance facility, public works, wastewater treatment, and other city buildings. [Glenwood Springs Post Independent]
  • Gov. Mark Dayton wants Minnesota to eliminate coal as a source of energy production in the state. He wants the conversion of coal plants to natural gas to continue, along with boosting investment in renewable energy sources. [Rick Kupchella's BringMeTheNews]

July 18 Green Energy News


  • “Decarbonizing the world energy system without nuclear” In 2013, where nuclear power supplied 11% of the world’s electricity, renewables about twice as much. And in 2013 renewables had a 72% share of new electricity generating capacity. [The Ecologist]


  • Onshore wind energy is the cheapest available form of new power generation in Denmark. Its cost, 5.4¢ (US) per kWh is about half that of offshore wind, new centralised coal, new centralized natural gas, and decentralised combined heat and power. [reNews]
  • The UK government approved plans for a wind farm off the coast of Sussex. E.ON’s Rampion offshore wind farm, which would generate enough electricity to power approximately 450,000 homes, is expected to bring more than £2 billion of investment to the UK’s economy. [Insider Media]
  • The price for thermal coal has plunged more than 10% in the last two months as the presumed major customers for Australian fossil fuels – China and India – make it clear that renewable energy is offering a competitive alternative to coal and gas. [RenewEconomy]
  • The Asian Development Bank says there has been a spike in the need for investment in renewable energy in the Pacific as the cost of diesel becomes unaffordable and a structural shift to hydro, wind and solar power makes both economic and environmental sense. [Radio New Zealand]
  • Among the latest insurance news for Europe’s renewable energy industry are plans being developed by insurers to provide protection to investors backing solar and wind power projects against the removal of vital federal subsidies. [Live Insurance News]
  • Almost £8 billion was invested in renewable energy in the UK last year, according to a report by the Department of Energy and Climate Change. The report showed renewables now produce 15% of the country’s electricity. [The Guardian]
  • Turkey’s electricity consumption scored an all time record last week, highlighting the country’s thirst for new power capacity. Yet renewable power development plods slowly onwards. [pv magazine]
  • Germany comes in first in a new energy efficiency ranking of the world’s major economies, followed by Italy, the European Union as a whole, China, and France, according to the 2014 International Energy Efficiency Scorecard. The US ranks 13th out of 16 countries ranked. []
  • According to a new market report published by Transparency Market Research, global smart grid market was valued at $37.7 billion in 2012 and is expected to reach $118.1 billion in 2019, growing at a compound annual growth rate of 18.2% from 2013 to 2019. [PR Newswire UK]


  • The US Department of Interior will offer leases to companies that want to build wind turbines off parts of the coast of New Jersey, along blocks of ocean floor starting about seven miles off Long Beach Island, Atlantic City and Cape May County. [Cherry Hill Courier Post]
  • The city of Boulder, Colorado has filed to condemn portions of the electric system owned by Xcel Energy through eminent domain. Boulder deems parts of the Xcel’s system as necessary to create a local electric utility that would serve customers within city limits. [Boulder County Business Report]
  • If renewable energy sources produced a higher percentage of energy in West Virginia, new jobs would be created, and health conditions, particularly in poor and black neighborhoods, would improve, according to a new report from the state chapter of the NAACP. [Charleston Gazette]

July 17 Green Energy News

Australian Carbon Tax Repeal (a cautionary tale):

  • The Australian Senate voted on Thursday to scrap the country’s carbon tax and plans for emissions trading, a major victory for conservative Prime Minister Tony Abbott that leaves uncertainty about how the country will meet its carbon reduction goals. [Gulf Times]
  • Opinion: “‘A Perfect Storm of Stupidity’: Scientists React To News The Carbon Tax Is Gone” The Abbott Government delivered on its election promise to repeal the carbon tax today, 10 months after taking office. [Business Insider Australia]
  • Opinion: “Carbon repeal: condemning our children for cheap political points” Australia has returned to its old role opposing serious action on climate change, having replaced functional, effective and low-impact carbon pricing with a witless policy of handouts to corporate mates. [Crikey]
  • The Tasmanian state government has hailed the repeal of the carbon tax as a win for consumers, and the repeal was immediately greeted with optimism by Acting Premier Jeremy Rockliff. But the Opposition says it will leave a huge black hole in the state’s budget. [Yahoo!7 News]
  • Australia cut carbon dioxide emissions from its electricity sector by as much as 17 million tonnes because of the carbon price and would have curbed more had industry expected the price to be permanent, according to an Australian National University study. [Sydney Morning Herald]
  • John Rice, vice-chairman of US multinational GE, one of Australia’s largest foreign investors, says its $3.5 billion pipeline of investment in green energy in this country is at risk because of possible changes to the renewable energy target. [The Australian]
  • Global clean energy investment surged to $63.6 billion in the second quarter of 2014, up 33% compared to the first quarter and 9% compared to Q2 2013. But in Australia, utility-scale renewable energy project investment has largely dried up over policy uncertainty. [The Australian]


  • Europe will invest around $1 trillion into growing its renewable energy capacity by the year 2030, according to a new report from Bloomberg New Energy Finance. Of this, $339 billion is expected to be into rooftop solar PV, and $250 billion into onshore wind energy. [CleanTechnica]
  • Rural communities in Rwanda’s Eastern Province are quickly embracing use of biogas as a way of cutting the cost of fuel for cooking and lighting. The province, with the biggest cattle population in the country, has seen a number of households install biogas digesters. []
  • The government of Nepal has provided a ‘net metering’ system to allow a ratepayer to bank energy generated from the installation of rooftop solar PV system for later use or share for credits from Nepal Electricity Authority. [E Kantipur]
  • EDF EN Canada Inc., a subsidiary of EDF Energies Nouvelles, and Enbridge Inc. dedicated the 300 MW Blackspring Ridge Wind Project today. Located in Vulcan County, Alberta, the project is the largest investment in wind energy in Western Canada. [AltEnergyMag]
  • A new report from the European Wind Energy Association has revealed a total of 4.9 GW of new offshore wind power currently under construction in Europe consisting of 16 new commercial wind farms. [Renewable Energy Magazine]


  • Following two record-setting months in May and June of this year, total American EV sales have surged past 222,000 units since late 2010, and while the Nissan LEAF and Chevy Volt remain the dominant players, there are many more options now. [CleanTechnica]
  • Minnesota Power has settled with the EPA over emissions at coal-fired power plants. In addition to a $1.4 million civil penalty, the company will invest in renewable energy, including a 1-MW solar installation. The agreement includes 200 MW of wind energy. [Northland's NewsCenter]
  • The U.S. will build 351,000 MW of new electric generation capacity by 2040, according to an  Energy Department forecast. The agency projects new capacity over the next three decades will be 73% natural gas, 24% renewable and 3% nuclear. [FuelFix]

July 16 Green Energy News


  • A national fleet of six tidal lagoon power plants could contribute £3.1 billion a year to the UK’s gross domestic product, according to a study by the Centre for Economics and Business Research examining Tidal Lagoon Power’s plans to build six projects. [reNews]
  • Scatec Solar has completed a 40 MW solar plant in South Africa. Annual production will be around 94 million kWh, enough to cover the electricity demand of about 20 000 South African households. [Renewable Energy Focus]
  • Spanish manufacturer Gamesa has signed deals to supply 100 MW in Mexico and 190 MW in the United States. The US contract was agreed with EDP Renováveis and covers 95 G114 2 MW turbines at the Waverly wind farm in Coffey County, Kansas. [reNews]
  • Shinsei Bank Ltd, a lender for Goldman Sachs Group Inc’s clean-energy projects in Japan, plans to provide as much as $2 billion in loans for renewable developments. Shinsei is among lenders increasing financing for clean-energy projects in Japan. []
  • 2040-50 may finally be the decade when the installed renewable energy capacity in India would overtake the coal-based installed capacity, if the Integrated Plan for Desert Power Development is fully realized. The plan is called ambitious. [CleanTechnica]
  • Australia’s investment in large-scale renewable energy all but dried up in the first half of 2014 amid uncertainty fueled by the government’s latest review of the mandatory target, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance. [Sydney Morning Herald]
  • Project developers have been invited to apply for qualification to the Ontario Power Authority’s next Large Renewable Procurement round, which will see as much as 440 MW of wind and solar capacity allocated. [Recharge]
  • Nigeria’s Minister of Power says plans are in place for solar technology solution to replace the generators run with diesel as primary source of energy for the rural electrification projects across the country. [WorldStage]
  • UK-wide greenhouse gas emissions decreased by 12% between 2007 and 2012, according to a study by the Committee on Climate Change. The report says the first carbon budget was met “through a combination of the impact of the recession and low-carbon policies.” [reNews]


  • In Massachusetts, new legislation would accomplish the stated objectives of the Patrick Administration, including a deployment target of 1,600 MW of solar PV (four times current levels) by 2020, while addressing core concerns of the utilities. [Energy Collective]
  • Microsoft has signed its biggest renewable energy agreement, committing to buy the output of a 175 MW wind farm in Illinois. The 20 year deal commits Microsoft to buying the output of the 175 MW Pilot Hill wind project. [TechWeekEurope UK]
  • Northern Power Systems, a next-generation renewable energy technology company based in Vermont, has launched a new 60 kW permanent magnet/direct drive wind turbine. The unit was specifically engineered for the Italian and other low wind regime markets. [Stockhouse]
  • Rather than simply working against the (likely inevitable) spread of distributed generation, Vermont’s Green Mountain Power has been transforming itself into a company with a business model that puts renewable energy and distributed generation at its core. [CleanTechnica]
  • Just when Cape Wind officials thought it was safe to go back in the water, the GOP-controlled House approved an energy and water appropriations bill that included a measure to bar a $150 million federal loan guarantee for the Nantucket Sound offshore wind farm. [RenewablesBiz]